Arunkumar Khannur's Software Testing Knowledge Center
   
 

1.1 Overview


Software testing is now a niche area. It is a new business vertical with ample career options. Increasing number of organizations and clients understand the value of testing and are now appreciating testing as a means of ensuring product quality and reduced rework. However there is a need to develop a good understanding about concepts in software testing.
This chapter provides information about software testing, objectives of software testing, role of software testing, benefits from software testing, meaning of preventive and corrective actions, and product success criteria
 
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Arunkumar Khannur, Software Testing - Techniques and Applications, Published by Pearson Publications, 2011 (ISBN:978-81-317-5836-6; Pages:341 + xxii)
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Meaning of Niche Area
“A special area of demand for a product or service” Ref: http://www.thefreedictionary.com/niche
“A specialized but profitable segment of the market” Origin: early 17th century: from French, literally 'recess', from nicher 'make a nest', based on Latin nidus 'nest'. http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/niche
Business Vertical A vertical market is a market in which vendors offer goods and services specific to an industry, trade, profession, or other group of customers with specialized needs.
Ref: Vertical market - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Career is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as a person's "course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)". In this definition career is understood to relate to a range of aspects of an individual's life, learning and work. Career is also frequently understood to relate to the working aspects of an individual’s life e.g. as in career woman. A third way in which the term career is used to describe an occupation or a profession that usually involves special training or formal education,[1] and is considered to be a person’s lifework.[2] In this case "a career" is seen as a sequence of related jobs usually pursued within a single industry or sector e.g. "a career in law" or "a career in the building trade".
Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Career

“A social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between the different activities and the members, and subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out different tasks. Organizations are open systems--they affect and are affected by their environment.”
Ref: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/organization.html

“The common element of the business definitions is that the quality of aproduct or service refers to the perception of the degree to which the product or service meets the customer's expectations. Quality has no specific meaning unless related to a specific function and/or object.”
Read More: Quality (business) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

“Five major approaches to the definition of quality can be identified: (1) the transcendent approach of philosophy; (2) the product-based approach of economics; (3) the user-based approach of economics, marketing, and operations management; and (4) the manufacturing-based and (5) value-based approaches of operations management. Table 1 presents representative examples of each approach.”
Read More: David A. Garvin, Magazine: Fall 1984 “What Does “Product Quality” Really Mean?,”

“The System of Profound Knowledge” “The System of Profound Knowledge (SoPK) is the culmination of Dr. W. Edwards Deming’s lifelong work. It is an effective theory of management that provides a framework of thought and action for any leader wishing to transform and create a thriving organization, with the aim for everybody to win. By management appropriately applying the principles and practices of SoPK, a business can simultaneously reduce costs through reducing waste, rework, staff attrition and litigation, while increasing quality, customer loyalty, worker satisfaction and, ultimately, profitability. SoPK ties together Dr. Deming’s seminal theories and teachings on quality, management and leadership into four interrelated areas: appreciation for a system, knowledge of variation, theory of knowledge and psychology.”
Read More:https://deming.org/theman/theories/profoundknowledge
“The term Rework refers to the repetition of a process to bring a product or service into conformance with its original requirements. It is usually done after the completion of a product or service and includes all the necessary actions to transform the products that don’t follow the specified qualifications into products that do (Owen and Blumenfeld, 2007; Flapper et al., 2002). Additional to rework there are two related concepts: Repair and Scrap.”
Read More: “The Effects of Rework on Service Operations,”
by Kiriaki - Myrto Lavasa, Supervisors: Ioannis Minis and Vassilis Gliatis, Department of Financial and Management Engineering, Business School, University of the Aegean, 2009. “Steps to Reducing Production Scrap and Rework,”
Ref: “Defect Prevention: Reducing Costs and Enhancing Quality,” by Mukesh Soni