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11.3 Graph and The Matrix of a Graph

A graph consists of a set of abstract objects referred to nodes and a relationship R between the nodes. If a and b are nodes, and R is a relationship then a graph is represented as aRb. The relationship R represents a link from node a to node b. A graph matrix or matrix representation of a graph is a convenient and useful way of representing a graph. Matrix based modelling of paths are more methodical, reliable, and less error prone. Thus, matrix is a very useful tool for path tracing.

A graph matrix or matrix representation of a graph is a table with one row and one column for every node in the graph; and an entry of a relationship in a row-column combination that represents a link between the nodes.
 
 
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